Dr.K.S. Vengetesh, is a successful medical practitioner in the urology department. He was there to share his knowledge about renal transplantation and also tell about his own experience in the field of Nephrology.
Kidney transplant involves the donation of kidney from one to another person.
The reasons could be Renal agenesis – congenital disorder where the baby will have one or no kidney or End stage renal disease (ESRD) – patients who had chronic renal disorder.
Renal transplant involves two major groups of people they are DONORS and RECIPIENT. Donors can be living related donors, living non related or deceased donors.
Living kidney donors should be between the ages of 18 and early 70s and can include parents, children, siblings, other relatives and friends. Have a genuine interest in donating.
With direct donation, the donor generally knows the recipient and donates directly to them. If the donor is compatible, the donor's kidney can be transplanted directly into the recipient. In a paired exchange, a donor will donate their kidney to another recipient in exchange for a compatible kidney for their loved one.
With Good Samaritan donation, the donor is given to a stranger which initiates a chain of transplants.
In a kidney transplant the artery and vein of the new kidney are connected to the artery and vein in the pelvis. The tube that carries urine (ureter) is then attached to the bladder. This procedure may take approximately 3 hours. People with diabetes may also have a pancreas transplant done at the same time.
Tests done before the procedure include:
• Tissue and blood typing to help make sure your body will not reject the donated kidney
• Blood tests or skin tests to check for infections
• Heart tests such as an EKG, echocardiogram, or cardiac catheterization
• Tests to look for early cancer
The lecture was very informative and coming as it did from an expert it was all the more interesting.