Mr.Balamurugan, advocate and Secretary of PEOPLE'S UNION FOR CIVIL LIBERTIES (PUCL) spoke about human rights during his guest lecture to the entrepreneur students at TIPSGLOBAL Institute.
Human rights are “those rights to which every man and woman inhabiting any part of the world should be deemed entitled by virtue of having been born a human being”. It is essential for a dignified and a decent human living as well as human existence and adequate development of human personality.
Since man is a social being, lives in a group in the society As a social being, and an inseparable part of the society/community, he too has other rights, like: right to freedom of speech, expression, thought, belief and faith and right to move freely. Thus, human rights are essential for the development of the human personality in society, where he lives.
Human rights in general, may be of two types:
(a) Rights which are essential for the dignified and decent human existence include right to the fulfillment of basic human needs like food, shelter, clothing, health and sanitation, earning one’s live-hood and the like.
(b) Rights which are essential for adequate development of human personality include right to freedom of speech and expression, cultural and educational rights. Characteristics of Human Rights include inalienability, comprehensiveness, universality, justice ability and non-absoluteness.
Development of the Concept Human Rights:
The concept of human rights was further strengthened with the emergence of Magna Carta (1215) and Bill of Rights (England) 1689, following the glorious Revolution of 1688. Unlike Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) talked of a partial surrender of a few natural rights; Rights like right to life, liberty and property were never to be given up as those were inalienable rights.
THE UN and Human Rights: Art. 55 of the united Nations Charter (1945) provides that the world body ‘shall promote universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedom for all’. In pursuance of the UN’S Charter, which provided for setting up of a Commission for promotion of human rights, a Commission, headed by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt was constituted in 1946.
The 10th day of December every year is being ceremoniously observed as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Day, all over the world. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights which has been described as the ‘Magnacarta of mankind’, runs into 30 Articles and it ensures every citizen of the world “social security and a decent standard of living”.
The lecture was an eye opener as regards human rights. Some of the facts presented were hitherto unknown.